Organizations continue to experiment with new and flexible ways of working that are suitable for both the short-term during COVID-19 and the longer-term post-pandemic world. As firms decide which practices they will adopt to support flexible work, it is essential to consider various options’ tradeoffs and their impact on four elements of productivity (energy, focus, coordination, and cooperation). According to this article, two axes of hybrid work provide the basis for these decisions: Place – where people work and Time – when people are actively engaged in work. The article offers four principles (two for Place and two for Time) that firms can employ to use hybrid work as a source of productivity: 1) Use office space to amplify cooperation, 2) make working from home a source of energy, 3) take advantage of asynchronous Time to boost focus, and 4) use synchronized Time for tasks that require coordination. In addition to this resource, here is an article by McKinsey that provides six models representing a mix of on-site and remote working arrangements and the impact of each on various outcomes, such as productivity.